Glossary

Term

Definition

Air-gapped

A security measure whereby a laptop is kept entirely offline, separate from other local networks and the internet

 

Backdoors

Covert security vulnerabilities that allow a system’s known security mechanisms to be bypassed, allowing undetectable access to the computer or its data

 

BIOS

 

               

Basic Input/Output System - a set of computer instructions in firmware that control input and output operations

 

Bridges (Tor)

Bridges are Tor relays (nodes or computer points that receive traffic on the Tor network and pass it along) that help circumvent censorship

 

Dragnet

 

 

 

A mass surveillance system operated through programs that sift through and collect the world’s online and telecommunication data

 

Faraday cage

A metallic enclosure that prevents the entry or escape of an electromagnetic field

 

Firmware